IS IT GOD'S WORD?

CHAPTER 16

THE SACRED DOCTRINES OF CHRISTIANITY

SEGMENTS:

R R THE SACRED DOCTRINES OF CHRISTIANITY R R THE FORMULA OF FAITH R R LYING AND FRAUD ADMITTED

R R REDEMPTION FROM THE CURSE R R FREE FOR ALL OR LIMITED R R "SALVATION IS OF THE JEWS"

R R BELIEVE AND BE SAVED -- OR STAY DAMNED R R REPENTANCE AS A CONDITION R R ELECTED OR ECLECTIC? R R FAITH OR WORKS?

R R LAW OR NOT LAW? R R CIRCUMCISION OR UNCIRCUMCISION? R R BAPTISM AND BACKSLIDING R R FORGIVENESS OF SIN

R R RESURRECTION R R THE FINAL JUDGMENT R R THE "SECOND COMING" R R DEVILOLOGY R R FIGHTING THE DEVILS

R R THE PENALTIES OF UNBELIEF R R INTOLERANCE AND DESTRUCTION R R INSPIRED PRIESTLY PRESUMPTION R R AN INFAMOUS ACCUSATION

R R THE APOSTLES' VIEWS OF EACH OTHER R R KNOWLEDGE SCORNED -- IGNORANCE EXALTED R R CHILDISH FAITH FOR SALVATION

R R DAMNATION FOR UNBELIEF R R FATUOUS FANATICISM R R THE "PRINCE OF PEACE" R R RETURN TO THE INDEX OF CHAPTERS

 

THE creeds, says a poet, are in number some seventy-three. Of Christian sects or denominations, each founded upon chosen texts, there are in fact a much greater number, some hundreds, each quite out of harmony with all the others. Each by its sectarian votaries is fondly held to be the sole inheritor of saving truth, and can point with pride to the inerrant texts where the legacy of truth is made to it alone. But every other sect disputes this reading, and with equal assurance and no less pride can point to yet other texts of the true Testament which nullify the pretensions of all the others and leave itself the sole and universal heir to saving truth.

For are not the Christian sects, seventy-three though be their conflicting creeds, one and all of them founded upon the "impregnable rock of the Holy Scripture," as Mr. Gladstone termed it, and the belief that this book is divinely inspired in its every word; that it is the "living Word of God," the faithful revelation of his divine will to man? Outside the sacred tome itself, no higher authority can be invoked for the inerrant truth of Holy Writ and the utter unity of that truth than the recent (AD 1870 ) spirit-illumined declaration of the sacred Vatican Council:

"These books are sacred and canonical because they contain revelation without error, and because, written by the inspiration of the Holy Ghost, they have God for their author."

Yet we have in the foregoing pages seen great parts of this God-written book sadly lacking in inspiration and truth; and to explain or attenuate this, one might suspect that such parts of it may be excepted from the general rule of inspiration and inerrancy. But in this they err, to believe the Holy Ghost speaking lately through Pope Leo 13: in his encyclical Provid. Deus, where this error is roundly refuted:

"It will never be lawful to restrict inspiration merely to certain parts of the Holy Scripture, or to grant that the sacred writers could have made a mistake. ... They render in exact language, with infallible truth, all that God commanded and nothing else; without that, God would not be the Author of the Scripture in its entirety."

This settles it; "Roma locuta est, causa finita est." And to this dogma of infallibly inspired truth in toto, all the otherwise dissentient members of the Body of Christ chorus unanimously amen.

The trouble with the dogma of inspired infallible truth is in the utter riot of diversity of truth in the sacred book, each truth inferentially and necessarily discounting or discrediting all the others. For is it not true that of two or more contradictory dogmas or doctrines, while none may be true, not more than one can possibly be? "All scripture is given by inspiration of God" (2 Tim. 3: 16 ). The truth of this inspired dogma, and of the papal complements to it, above quoted, is so easily tested and proved --or disproved -- by the simplest and most infallible of tests, that an honest mind can but candidly apply the test. The simple expedient of pairing off Bible texts one against another, or, as it were, "matching inspirations," is an infallible way of testing the truth and harmony of inerrant inspiration -- and its revelations will be found astounding. No single dogmatic doctrine or inspired truth will be found in all the New Testament which is not contradicted, denied, refuted, repudiated, and made ridiculous by some equally inspired truth uttered by the same, or by some other equally inspired, dogmatist.

The fault lies not in the reader and searcher, but in the book. We shall simply turn the pages of the inspired and inerrant Word and note the principal dogmas and doctrines of the Christian creeds -- and leave the result to speak for itself.

THE FORMULA OF FAITH

The inspired formula of the faith is Paul's own confession of faith: "This 1confess unto thee, that after the way which they call heresy, so worship 1the God of my fathers, believing all things which are written in the law and in the prophets" (Acts 24: 14 ). Faith cares not for facts or proofs, but boasts that it "believeth all things, hopeth all things" (1 Cor. 13: 7 ). Faith is all-sufficient, in lieu of fact -- "the substance of things hoped for, the evidence of things not seen" (Heb. 11: 1 ), not known, and altogether unknowable.

In this confessed absence of certain knowledge, we shall see what the inspired dogmatists and doctrinaires solemnly posit for our belief. First let us have well in mind the confessed mendacities and frauds which were so potent a factor in carrying on the good work of Salvation from mythical perdition.

LYING AND FRAUD ADMITTED

Paul, in his zealot exaltation, admits and justifies, on Jesuitical principles, the preaching of falsehood, and feels really aggrieved that honest men should take exceptions to such mendacious propaganda:

"For if the truth of God hath more abounded through my lie unto his glory; why yet am 1also judged as a sinner?" (Rom. 3: 7 )

In a spirit of good-humored naivete he winks at the flock of Corinthians whom he has hooked into the fold, and admits that he had tricked them:

"Though the more abundantly 1love you, the less 1be loved. But be it so: ... nevertheless, being crafty, I caught you with guile." (2 Cor. 12: 15, 16 )

As a "man that striveth for the mastery" (1 Cor. 9: 25 ), he expounds to the church leaders the modus operand1of the successful propagandist:

"I made myself servant unto all, that 1 might gain the more. And unto the Jews 1became as a Jew, that 1might gain the Jews; to them that are under the law, as under the law, that 1might gain them that are under the law; To them that are without law, as without law, that 1might gain them that are without law. ... 1am made all things to all men, that I might by all means save some. And this 1do for the gospel's sake" (1 Cor. 9: 19-23 ). And he admits to the church of Corinth: "1robbed other churches ... to do you service" (2 Cor. 11: 8 ).

REDEMPTION FROM THE CURSE

The dogma of death and damnation through the "sin of Adam" is variously stated and elaborated by its protagonist Paul; first as follows:

"Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men; ... therefore, as by the offence of one judgment came upon all men to condemnation; even so by the righteousness of one the free gift came upon all men unto justification of life." (Rom. 5: 12, 18 )

Thus Paul propounds the doctrine of death and damnation to all by the sin of one, Adam, and of salvation by the "free gift unto all men" by the atonement of another One. More simply and positively he repeats this:

"For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ shall all be made alive." (1 Cor. 15, 22 )

And with the utmost assurance he avers:

"Christ hath redeemed us from the curse." (Gal. 3: 13 )

These texts carry the positive assurance, perfectly logical and just if true, that as the fearful "original sin" of Adam entailed the "curse" of inevitable involuntary sin and damnation upon all mankind ever since, the great sacrifice and propitiation of Jesus Christ has the effect of wiping out that old score utterly, and redeeming all mankind without more ado. Indeed, the nearest and dearest to Jesus of his four biographers several times in his first epistle justifies this interpretation and confirms this reasonable expectation:

"God ... sent his Son to be the propitiation for our sins." (1John 4: 10; 3: 5 )

He repeats and amplifies this assurance of free redemption:

"And he is the propitiation for our sins: and not for our's only, but also for the sins of the whole world." (1 John 2: 2 )

The same is likewise asserted by Peter:

"For Christ also hath once suffered for sins, the just for the unjust, that be might bring us to God" (1 Peter 3:

18 )

And he asserts the complete efficacy of the vicarious atonement once and for all:

"Who his own self bare our sins in his own body on the tree, that we, being dead to sins, should live unto righteousness: by whose stripes ye were healed." (1 Peter 2: 24 )

These plain texts surely seem to mean what they with such reiteration say -- that, as all were damned nolens volens through the Old Adam, willy-nilly all should have free and unconditional redemption through the expiation of the New Adam "for the sins of the whole world." But our well justified confidence is by a variety of limitations disappointed: redemption and salvation are found to be quite partial, precarious, and then impossible.

FREE FOR ALL OR LIMITED

The universality of free redemption is assured in gracious terms by the Master's own words:

"For the Son of man is come to save that which was lost." (Matt. 18: 11 )

And again, in appealing, soothing words assuring free grace and salvation to all, believer or not:

"Come unto me, all ye that labour and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest." (Matt. 11: 28 )

Even broader and freer is the offer of the Apocalypse:

"And whosoever will, let him take the water of life freely." (Rev. 22: 17 )

Surely these repeated passages prove free "redemption from the curse" and salvation from sin for all mankind, without condition and without price the "free gift of grace." All were cursed and damned; all are redeemed and saved.

But the Beloved Disciple strikes a chord whose fatal dissonance alarms the hopeful soul even under the beautiful words in which it is clothed -- it is the Believer only for whom the supreme propitiation is made, who only is thus "redeemed from the curse":

"For God [i.e., Yahveh] so loved the world that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life." (John 3: 16 )

The Christ himself proclaimed the universal efficacy of his sacrifice:

"And 1:if I be lifted up from the earth, will draw all men unto me." (John 12: 32 )

though this he denies in his cryptic assertion:

"For many be called, but few chosen." (Matt. 20: 16 )

"SALVATION IS OF THE JEWS"

Even this limitation of salvation to "whosoever believeth" has yet another limitation: Christ did not come to redeem all mankind damned in the curse that is to be redeemed, but the Jew only -- if the Jew believed. The Christ himself positively asserts so:

"But he answered and said, I am not sent but unto the lost sheep of the house of Israel." (Matt. 15, 24,)

This was the divine commission given by the Master to the Twelve upon their very first mission.

"These twelve Jesus sent forth, and commanded them, saying, Go not into the way of the Gentiles, and into any city of the Samaritans enter ye not; But go rather to the lost sheep of the house of Israel." (Matt. 10: 5, 6 )

The Christ told the woman of Samaria, -- "Salvation is of the Jews." (John 4: 22 )

Thus, by his own iterated assertion, the Christ gainsays all the assurances of free and universal redemption "for the sins of the whole world" and the assurance that God sent his Son that "whosoever believeth" should be saved. The believer must be a "lost sheep" of Israel; all others still remained under the universal curse. But Jewry was safe and that too without condition of belief:

"And so all Israel shall be saved: as it is written, There shall come out of Sion the Deliverer, and shall turn away ungodliness from Jacob: For this is my covenant unto them, when I shall take away their sins." (Rom. 11: 26, 27 )

This prophecy, however, is known to have not yet been wholly verified, and besides is expressly repudiated by the chief apostle after the total failure of the Christ to realize his special mission to the "lost sheep" of Israel. The Jews had been so often deceived by "false Christs," self-proclaimed Messiahs -- by the fatuous cry, "Lo, here is Christ, or there" (Matt. 24: 23 ) -- that they were not in a receptive mood towards this One. So Paul, who had taken up the propaganda of the faith that failed at the cross, hopeless of the sophisticated "lost sheep of Israel," denounced them as "unworthy of everlasting life" (Acts 13: 46 ); and he proclaimed: "Lo, we turn to the Gentiles" (13: 46 ) -- who were not so schooled in Hebrew traditions, and might thus more readily be taken into the fold. Paul thus assures them:

"For so hath the Lord [Yahveh] commanded us, saying, I have set thee, to be a light of the Gentiles. ... And when the Gentiles heard this, they were glad, and glorified the word of Yahveh." (Acts 13: 47, 48 )

But it is the Hebrew God Yahveh who is quoted (Isa. 49: 6 ) as saying this: it was no part of the mission or purpose of the Christ to redeem or save any but the Jews -- "I am not sent but to the lost sheep of the house of Israel." Consequently the mission of the Christ had been a confessed failure; and the gentiles, to whom the "free gift" was now promised, and who were glad, were yet to learn the conditions and limitations of the gift.

BELIEVE AND BE SAVED -- OR STAY DAMNED

God so loved the world that he sent his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth on him should not perish, but should be redeemed from the curse, and have everlasting life; but "He that believeth not the Son shall not see life; but the wrath of God abideth on him." (John 3: 36 )

The sine qua non of belief as the alternative to continued eternal damnation is reiterated throughout the gospels and the epistles of the God of Love, who came "that the world through him might be saved." In his last recorded words after the resurrection, the crucified Christ thus challenges the unredeemed:

"He that believeth and is baptized shall be saved; but he that believeth not shall be damned." (Mark 16: 16 )

All repudiations of the doctrine of unconditioned free grace and salvation culminate, however, in this statement of Paul:

"He that doubteth is damned." (Rom. 14: 23 )

REPENTANCE AS A CONDITION

To the requirement of belief the Master has just added that of "and is baptized"; otherwise the soul is damned and the wrath of Yahveh God abideth on him as since Adam's time. Following this fearful intimation come Peter's words of exhortation, adding yet another condition to the "free" gift:

"Repent ye therefore, and be converted, that your sins may be blotted out." (Acts 3: 19 )

Paul, however, flatly denies the need for repentance:

"For the gifts and calling of God are without repentance." (Rom. 11: 29 )

Paul's statement is also a flat contradiction of the explicit words of his Master:

"Except ye repent, ye shall all likewise perish." (Luke 13: 3 )

The need of repentance, or of any other act on the part of the individual damned through Adam seems to be entirely obviated by the explicit avowal of divine responsibility for unbelief -- which seems hard to believe of a good God:

"For God hath concluded them all in unbelief, that he might have mercy upon all." (Rom. 11: 32 )

But the assurance of gratuitous mercy to all, even unbelievers, is contradicted by the same inspired dogmatist in the selfsame epistle; he imputes to God the wilful turning of human souls to damnation, destroying their power of escape:

"Therefore hath he mercy on whom he will have mercy, and whom he will he hardeneth." (ROM. 9: 18 )

ELECTED OR ECLECTIC?

The text last quoted contains the hint of what may be termed election to involuntary damnation, which is the effect of God's "hardening" of a predamned soul which may desire to believe and be saved. But the fatal doctrine, which is the total repudiation of "propitiation for the sins of the whole world," finds many more explicit assertions -- as well as bald denials -- in the inspired texts. When Paul "turned to the Gentiles," and the Gentiles were glad, and glorified, and apparently were all zealous to accept the new faith, it is recorded:

"And as many as were ordained to eternal life believed." (Acts 13: 48 )

This fatal phrase "ordained to eternal life," limiting the possibility of belief, and hence of salvation, to an unknowable select number of the gentiles, seems like the explosion of a sapper's mine under hope in the promise of "whosoever will." But hope is raised by the apostolic assurance:

"For whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord [Yahveh] shall be saved." (Rom. 10: 13 )

This hope, however, is dashed by the counter-assurance of the same inspired author:

 "According as he hath chosen us in him before the foundation of the world, ... having predestinated us unto the adoption of children by Jesus Christ to himself, according to the good pleasure of his will." (Eph. 1: 4, 5 )

And the doctrine of free-will to choose to be saved -- if not saved without choice, as damned without choice -- is denied by the stone on which the Church is founded:

"Elect according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through sanctification of the Spirit." (1 Peter 1: 2 )

These words of renewed hope greet us: "For when we were yet without strength, in due time Christ died for the ungodly." (Rom. 5: 6 )

But the hope is sadly jarred by these others of the same dogmatist:

"Because God hath from the beginning chosen you to salvation through sanctification of the Spirit and belief of the truth." (2 Thess. 2: 13 )

The colloquy between the jailer of Philippi and his prisoners Paul and Silas raises again the hope of salvation to all who will believe:

"Sirs, what must I do to be saved? And they said, Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ, and thou shalt be saved, and thy house." (Acts 16: 30, 31 )

The jailer, however, would seem to have been "elect" and the reasonable hopes of other willing believers seem rudely curtailed by the discouraging ipse dixit of the Master:

"Then said one unto him, Lord, are there few that be saved? And he said unto them, Strive to enter in at the strait gate: for many, I say unto you, will seek to enter in, and shall not be able." (Luke 13: 23, 24 )

This seems strangely at variance with the inspired assurance, often repeated:

"Whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord [Yahveh] shall be saved." (Romans 10: 13; Acts 2: 21 )

All hope of free choice of salvation is quite upset, and only those foreordained by Divine Providence are given any chance to escape the wrath of God, by these other words of his Son:

"All that the Father [Yahveh] giveth me shall come to me; and him that cometh to me I will in no wise cast out." (John 6: 37 )

The dismal doctrine of "election" to redemption from the curse and of salvation for those only whom the Father Yahveh giveth to be saved (of the lost sheep of Israel only) is reaffirmed in the very words of the Father of Life, as quoted by Paul:

"For the children being not yet born, neither having done any good or evil, that the purpose of God according to election might stand, not of works, but of him that calleth. ... For he saith to Moses, I will have mercy on whom I will have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I will have compassion. So then it is not of him that willeth, nor of him that runneth, but of God that sheweth mercy. ... Therefore hath he mercy on whom he will have mercy, and whom he will he hardeneth." (Rom. 9: 11, 15, 16, 18 )

The doom of election to salvation and damnation by Yahveh himself, regardless of human striving, receives solemn confirmation in the record of the early operations of the plan:

"And the Lord added to the church daily such as should be saved." (Acts 2: 47 )

Those who have never taken the pains to compare doctrinal texts must naturally prick up their ears in curiosity at the discordant notes of the sacred texts of salvation. One doctrine is flatly denied by the other; therefore, both alike are discredited, or at least inextricably confused. So that no man can guess whether "salvation" was for the Jew Only; or to the Jew first and then, upon his rejection of it, to the gentile, to keep the legacy of the "free gift" from failing entirely; or whether Jew or gentile might be saved by believing and willingly seeking salvation; or whether only those "elected" by Yahveh in heaven before the foundation of the world might ever attain to heaven. And if only the "elect" are to be saved, and these willy-nilly, what is the use for anyone, who cannot possibly know whether he is of the "elect" or not, to make any effort or worry at all about salvation? His efforts are either quite unnecessary or wholly unavailing.

FAITH OR WORKS?

However we may solve or leave the foregoing problem, we are at once met with another series of conflicting passages on the interesting subject of salvation by grace through faith or by works -- both doctrines contrary to the theory of salvation through election. Paul asserts:

"For by grace are ye saved through faith; ... not of works." (Eph. 2: 8, 9 )

And again;

"As it is written; The just shall live by faith." (Rom. 1: 17 )

But James, the brother of Jesus, flatly contradicts Paul:

"What doth it profit, my brethren, though a man say he hath faith, and have not works? can faith save him? ... Even so faith, if it hath not works, is dead, being alone." (James 2: 14, 17 )

And he offers an array of ancient instances -- with a contemptuous slur at his antagonist Paul:

"But wilt thou know, O vain man, that faith without works is dead? Was not Abraham our father justified by works, when he had offered Isaac his son upon the altar?" (James 2: 20, 21 )

The status of Father Abraham himself, however, is not quite so free from uncertainty in view of the laboured retort of Paul:

"What shall we say then that Abraham our father, as pertaining to the flesh, hath found? For if Abraham were justified by works, he hath whereof to glory; but not before God. For what saith the Scripture? Abraham believed God, and it was counted unto him for righteousness." (Rom. 4: 1-3 )

The bone of apostolic contention over the good old patriarch is not yet gnawed bare, as appears by the next bit of inspiration:

"Even as Abraham believed God, and it was accounted to him for righteousness. Know ye therefore that they which are of faith, the same are the children of Abraham." (Gal. 3: 6, 7 )

James plays off faith against works and makes a combination of both essential to the free grace of salvation, or a prerequisite to election, as the case may be:

"Seest thou how faith wrought with his works, and by works was faith made perfect? And the Scripture was fulfilled which saith, Abraham believed God, and it was imputed unto him for righteousness: and he was called the Friend of God. Ye see then how that by works a man is justified, and not by faith only. ... For as the body without the spirit is dead, so faith without works is dead also." (James 2: 22-24, 26 )

The contradictory doctrine of justification by faith alone is argued laboriously by Paul:

"Knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the law, but by the faith of Jesus Christ, even we have believed in Jesus Christ, that we might be justified by the faith of Christ, and not by the works of the law: for by the works of the law shall no flesh be justified." (Gal. 2: 16 ) "Therefore we conclude that a man is justified by faith without the deeds of the law. ... Do we then make void the law through faith? God forbid: yea, we establish the law." (Rom. 3: 28, 31 ) The same high authority contradicts himself, however, and harks back to the "deeds of the law": "For not the hearers of the law are just before God, but the doers of the law shall be justified." (Rom. 2: 13 ) which would seem to negate the hope of reward to the believer: "Receiving the end of your faith, even the salvation of your souls." (1 Peter 1: 9 )

The whole muddled disputation seems left in a bewilderment of nonsensical puzzle, both for the inspired dogmatist and for the perplexed seeker after truth, by the confused ratiocinations of Paul:

"And if by grace, then is it no more of works: otherwise grace is no more grace. But if it be of works, then is it no more grace: otherwise work is no more work." (Rom. 11: 6 )

All this produces in the mind a certain querulous state which finds apt expression in the query of the chief apostle:

"And if the righteous scarcely be saved, where shall the ungodly and the sinner appear?" (1 Peter 4: 18 )

LAW OR NOT LAW?

The effect of this jumble of ideas may be heightened by considering this:

"And by him all that believe are justified from all things, from which ye could not be justified by the law of Moses." (Acts 13: 39 )

The unequivocal words of the Master would seem to be in express denial of the text last quoted, as well as of several of those cited just previously, for he said:

"Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfil. For verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled." (Matt. 5: 17, 18 )

This positive assurance the Master, however, repudiates by his assertion that the law has been fulfilled:

"The law and the prophets were until John; since that time the kingdom of God is preached." (Luke 16: 16 )

One of these divine utterances of policy and purpose is quite negatived, the other confirmed, by the assertion of the apostle of grace:

"For sin shall not have dominion over you: for ye are not under the law, but under grace." (Rom. 6: 14; cf. Gal. 3: 24, 25 )

Paul, however, in one of his next breaths contradicts himself most egregiously:

"The law hath dominion over a man as long as he liveth." (Rom. 7: 1 ) though almost immediately be asserts the contrary: "But now we are delivered from the law, that being dead wherein we were held."(Rom. 7: 6 )

He reaffirms the permanency of the law and the obligation to do its full works:

"For as many as are of the works of the law are under the curse: for it is written, Cursed is every one that continueth not in all things which are written in the book of the law to do them." (Gal. 3: 10 ) and again contradicts his own words:

"For if they which are of the law be heirs, faith is made void, and the promise made of none effect: Because the law worketh wrath: for where no law is, there is no transgression." (Rom. 4: 14, 15 )

But Paul seems to make a curious refutation of the declaration that in the absence of law there can be no violation or transgression of law, by making out the law to be dependent upon and a consequence of previous transgression:

"Wherefore then serveth the law? It was added because of transgressions." (Gal. 3: 19 )

John takes issue with Paul, and states the rule more reasonably:

"Whosoever committeth sin transgresseth also the law: for sin is the transgression of the law." (1 John 3: 4 )

Paul lauds the law in his Epistle to the Romans:

"Wherefore the law is holy, and the commandment holy, and just, and good. ... For we know that the law is spiritual." (Rom. 7: 12, 14 ) and asserts that Yahveh God of Israel gave the law for the express purpose of working the ruin of all those subject to that law:

"Now we know that what things soever the law saith, it saith to them who are under the law: that every mouth may be stopped, and all the world may become guilty before God." (Rom. 3: 19 )

And yet he assures the Galatians that the law has them all bound in sin, from which they may be relieved by faith, which has done away with the law, heedless that this is a flagrant denial of the words of the Master, previously quoted, as well as of his own to the Romans:

"But the scripture hath concluded all under sin, that the promise by faith of Jesus Christ might be given to them that believe. But before faith came, we were kept under the law, shut up unto the faith which should afterwards be revealed." (Gal. 3: 22, 23 )

The effect of these bits of inspired text can be but to increase the wonder of the "hearers of the Word," a feeling much akin to that produced by the snake in Hudibras, which "Wriggled in and wriggled out, Leaving the people much in doubt, Wether the snake that made the track Was going east or coming back."

CIRCUMCISION OR UNCIRCUMCISION?

The confusion is heightened by the hotly debated question raised, but adroitly dodged, in Acts 15:

"Is any man called being circumcised? let him not become uncircumcised. Is any called in uncircumcision? let him not be circumcised. Circumcision is nothing, and uncircumcision is nothing, but the keeping of the commandments of God." (1 Cor. 7: 18, 19 )

Paul himself denied this assertion:

"For circumcision verily profiteth, if thou keep the law." (Rom. 2: 25 ) and also flatly contradicted both the preceding statements: "Behold, I Paul say unto you, that if ye be circumcised, Christ shall profit you nothing." (Gal. 5: 2 )

And the selfsame Paul flings a denial into the very teeth of his immediately preceding inspired assertion:

"What profit is there of circumcision? Much every way." (Rom. 3: 1, 2 ) though this too he gainsays: "For in Jesus Christ neither circumcision availeth any thing, nor uncircumcision." (Gal. 5: 6 )

And in spite of Paul's assuming to preach on every side of the question, which did or did not matter, according to whom he was addressing, whether Jew or Gentile, he claims a special revelation of Yahveh to himself and to his partner Peter to split the question and take opposite sides of it:

"The gospel of the uncircumcision was committed unto me, as the gospel of the circumcision was unto Peter." (Gal. 2: 7 )

BAPTISM AND BACKSLIDING

That baptism is essential to salvation is a positive assertion of the Christ, who enjoined the ceremonial on his disciples, to be imposed on all their converts:

"He that believeth and is baptized shall be saved." (Mark 16: 16 )

Unless the ceremony was submitted to, it was declared impossible to go to heaven:

"Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born of water and of the Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God." (John 3: 5 )

The parting command given by the risen Lord to his disciples -- but which we have seen he never gave -- was this:

"Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them." (Matt. 28: 19 )

The repentant thief on the cross was not baptized, and his belief must have been very embryonic, yet he entered forthright into the kingdom. Baptism then would seem not to be so essential to salvation as is sometimes thought; and Paul takes credit to himself for omitting the watery initiation, and asserts that Christ did not enjoin the performance of the rite on him:

"I thank God that I baptized none of you, but Crispus and Gaius. ... For Christ sent me not to baptize, but to preach the gospel." (1 Cor. 1: 14, 17 )

The ceremonial once performed, is its efficacy permanent? The act of faith is of lasting effect unto eternal life, says the Christ:

"My sheep hear my voice, ... and they follow me: and I give unto them eternal life; and they shall never perish, neither shall any man pluck them out of my hand." (John 10: 27, 28 )

Here the genial doctrine of "backsliding" is confirmed; the backslider may enjoy the earthy fruits of his lapse and yet enter into the joys of his Lord. But in this he will find himself greatly mistaken, notwithstanding the assurance of the Comforter; his latter end will be worse than the first, asserts the keeper of the keys:

"If after they have escaped the pollutions of the world through the knowledge of the Lord and Savior Jesus Christ, they are again entangled therein, and overcome, the latter end is worse with them than the beginning." (2 Peter 2: 20 )

The creed, however, harks back to the Christ and affirms the right of backsliding ad libitum:

"There is no condemnation for them that believe and are baptized" (Confession of Faith, Art. 9 ).

FORGIVENESS OF SIN

The Master said:

"If thy brother trespass against thee, rebuke him; and if he repent, forgive him. And if he trespass against thee seven times in a day, and seven times in a day turn again to thee, saying, I repent; thou shalt forgive him." (Luke 17: 3, 4 )

This is supplemented by a n even more liberal version of the same divine injunction, never known to have been acted upon since:

"Jesus saith unto him, I say not unto thee, Until seven times: but, Until seventy times seven." (Matt. 18: 22 )

But this beautiful precept of conduct between man and man finds no place in the stricter dealings of Yahveh with man, if we are to believe Paul:

"For if we sin wilfully after that we have received the knowledge of the truth, there remaineth no more sacrifice for sins." (Heb. 10: 26 )

This harsh denial of the comfortable principle of backsliding is reaffirmed by the same dogmatist:

"For it is impossible for those who were once enlightened, and have tasted of the heavenly gift, ... If they shall fall away, to renew them again unto repentance." (Heb. 6: 4, 6 )

The proper depository of the divine power of forgiveness of sin is left in serious doubt. First Christ claimed the power in himself:

"The Son of man hath power on earth to forgive sins." (Mark 2: 10 )

Then he is said to have delegated plenary power to Peter:

Thou art Peter. ... And I will give unto thee the keys of the kingdom of heaven: ... and whatsoever thou shalt loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven." (Matt. 16: 18, 19; 18: 18 )

Though the Christ thus promised "I will give the keys," the record of the actual investiture is missing; this has not hindered the successors of the fisherman, however, from displaying models of the celestial keys and claiming constant use of them.

But later it is asserted that the power is the prerogative of the heavenly King:

"He [Yahveh] is faithful and just to forgive sins" (1 John 1: 9 ).

RESURRECTION

We now cite a series of conflicting texts touching upon the subject of the resurrection of the body, a doctrine much in dispute in the early days, which appears to be stated by Paul rather as a pious hope than as a dogma:

"And [I] have hope toward God, which they themselves also allow, that there shall be a resurrection of the dead, both of the just and unjust." (Acts 24: 15 )

But at another place the apostle seems to put the matter even more in doubt, as possibly an unattainable aspiration:

"If by any means I might attain unto the resurrection from the dead." (Phil. 3: 11 )

Jesus told the Sadducees:

"For in the resurrection they neither marry, nor are given in marriage, but are as the angels of God in heaven." (Matt. 22: 30 )

A sentiment worthy of the woman-hating Paul, who says in a typical vein:

"But some man will say, How are the dead raised up? And with what body do they come? Thou fool, that which thou sowest is not quickened, except it die." (1 Cor. 15: 35, 36 )

Besides exposing himself to the "danger of hell fire," with which the Master himself threatened whoever calls his brother a fool (Matt. 5: 22 ), and making a rather unbecoming exhibition of apostolic spleen, the apostle seems, to any one who has done gardening or otherwise acquired the rudiments of agricultural biology, to show himself entitled to the appellation, for a tyro in farming knows that the inspired argument is fallacious: the seed which dies is not "quickened," but rots and is lost; only the seeds which live in the ground and germinate are "quickened" and grow up to reproduce their kind. If the inspired author was so ignorant of natural things, he might be in error with respect to things supernatural. The next verse is from the same ill-inspired source:

"It is sown by a natural body; it is raised a spiritual body. There is a natural body, and there is a spiritual body." (1 Cor. 15: 44 )

The argument is labouriously resumed:

"Now this I say, brethren, that flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God; neither doth corruption inherit incorruption. Behold, I shew you a mystery: We shall not all sleep, but we shall all be changed, In a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trump: for the trumpet shall sound, and the dead shall be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed." (1 Cor. 15: 50-52 )

These last verses seem to assert that the resurrection is not of the body as it is laid in the grave, but of something quite different which is manufactured "in the twinkling of an eye at the last trump," out of nothing, for in many instances the material body would be quite destroyed. And certainly, as would occur to any one versed in theological lore, this theory is wholly opposed to the proposition of the "Apostles' Creed" (of origin several centuries after the apostles) concerning the material "resurrection of the body." This creed, however, finds some support in the gospel of the Beloved Disciple:

"Marvel not at this: for the hour is coming, in the which all that are in the graves shall hear his voice, And shall come forth; they that have done good, unto the resurrection of life; and they that have done evil, unto the resurrection of damnation." (John 5: 28, 29 )

THE FINAL JUDGMENT

These texts may appear to any thoughtful person to raise the curious question of what becomes of the human soul between the time of death the body and the magical blasts of the resurrection trumpet, countless ages in the future, at the Day of Judgment. In popular concept, as in scriptural representation, the soul goes to its final reward or punishment immediately after it leaves the body at death. Lazarus died, and quite shortly Dies, and both souls sped at once to their respective eternal billets; for we are told that upon the death of Lazarus, he "was carried by the angels into Abraham's bosom"; and "in hell [Dies], lift up his eyes, being in torment," and engaged in an instructive dialogue with Lazarus across the immeasurably great gulf fixed between their habitats. The repentant thief on the cross was on the same day transported to paradise, and there are other instances of the same sort.

If this be true, what then, one may curiously ask, is the use or need of a general final judgment, which could not alter the status of the souls already for unnumbered ages basking in heaven or broiling in hell? On the other hand, if this be not true, it appears very incongruous that souls, after leaving the body, should flit around in a sort of limbo of empty space for untold time awaiting the playing of the last trump. Yet this is the situation described by one who was snatched up into the third heaven, and verily "saw the vision of the future and the wonders that would be"; for he says, in rapt clairvoyance:

"And the sea gave up the dead which were in it; and death and hell delivered up the dead which were in them: and they were judged every man according to their works." (Rev. 2: 13 )

But why -- in hell -- judge one who already has been for ages in hell? A reversal of his sentence would be like reversing that of a man already hanged.

Another gospel text seems to represent both soul and body as lying moldering in the grave, not until a trumpet-call, but the voice of the Master, should awaken such only as were "elected" to awake to a new life:

"Verily, verily, I say unto you, The hour is coming, and now is, when the dead shall hear the voice of the Son of God: and they that hear shall live." (John 5: 25 )

But what seems a plain contradiction of this theory and an assertion that the dead are raised to life at once without waiting for any general resurrection day comes in the Master's own words (misquoting his source):

"Now that the dead are raised, even Moses showed at the bush, when he calleth the Lord [Yahveh] the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. For he is not a God of the dead, but of the living; for all live unto him." (Luke 20: 37, 38 )

As this argument is, however, based on the "burning bush" incident, which no one believes ever happened, and is also a mis- statement of the alleged fact, since it was Yahveh himself, not Moses, who made use of the words quoted (Ex. 3: 6 ), it may not be very persuasive. But the Master himself contradicts this theory and postpones to his "second coming" the adjudication of rewards and punishment, during the interval preceding which both body and soul are apparently quiescent in the common grave:

"For the Son of man shall come in the glory of his Father with his angels; and then he shall reward every man according to his works." (Matt. 16: 27 )

The next verse is in a tone of dubious argumentation, suggesting a possible negation of the major premises of its final sentence, as well as begging the whole resurrection question:

"Now if Christ be preached that he rose from the dead, how say some among you that there is no resurrection of the dead? But if there be no resurrection of the dead, then is Christ not risen." (1 Cor. 15: 12, 13 )

Yet a deeper note of potential despair echoes in another text of the great dogmatist:

"And if Christ be not raised, your faith is vain; ye are yet in your sins. Then they also which are fallen asleep in Christ are perished." (1 Cor. 15: 17, 18 )

So the questions of the resurrection of the body and the final judgment of the soul, and the why and wherefore of both, are left in a nebulous state. The Lord only knows just exactly how it will all happen, as it has not been very clearly revealed yet.

THE "SECOND COMING"

The most unequivocal and positive of the teachings of Jesus and of his several apostles alike is the immediate visible "second coming" of Christ, the end of the world, the final judgement, and the prompt establishment of the Messianic Kingdom of Yahveh and David on the new earth -- all this being the most potent propaganda of the new religion. The Master commanded:

"And as ye go, preach, saying, The kingdom of heaven is at hand." (Matt. 10: 7 )

The immediacy of the coming is proclaimed by him in the most positive and unmistakable terms repeatedly:

"Verily, I say unto you, There be some standing here, which shall not taste of death, till they see the Son of man coming in his kingdom." (Matt. 26: 28 )

He adds reassurance to make assurance of the coming and the kingdom doubly sure:

"Verily I say unto you, This generation shall not pass, till all these things be fulfilled." (Matt. 24: 34; Mark 13: 80 )

The same doctrine, in almost identical words, is repeated in Mark 9: 1 and Luke 9: 27, and is implied in the remark of Jesus after the jealous altercation between Peter and John:

"Jesus saith unto him, If I will that he tarry till I come, what is that to thee? follow thou me." (John 21: 22 )

The end should come so quickly that the disciples should not have covered even the little territory of Palestine:

"Ye shall not have gone over the cities of Israel, till the Son of man be come." (Matt. 10: 23 )

But why, then, one wonders, should they be again commanded:

"Go ye into all the world, and preach the gospel to every creature." (Mark 16: 15 )

The assurance of the speedy fulfilment of the prophesied end of all things is reaffirmed, somewhat tardily, in the Revelation -- written some 100 years after Christ:

"The revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave unto him, to shew unto his servants things which must shortly come to pass; and he sent and signified it by his angel unto his servant John: ... for the time is at hand." (Rev. 1: 1, 3 )

And again:

"Behold, I come quickly." (Rev. 3: 11 )

The notion is repeated by Paul:

"For yet a little while, and he that shall come will come, and will not tarry." (Heb. 10: 37 )

And reiterated by John:

"Little children, it is the last time: and as ye have heard that antichrist shall come, even now are there many antichrists; whereby we know that it is the last time." (1 John 2: 18 )

Paul declares that the great day is so close at hand that he enjoins total carnal abstinence as a sort of preparatory purification:

"But this I say, brethren, the time is short: it remaineth, that both they that have wives be as though they had none," etc. (1 Cor. 7: 29 )

And he tells the same Corinthians, who were evidently getting impatient, that the coming was to be during the very lives of themselves; that they would not die, but should hear the fateful trump sound in their living ears; that those already dead should be promptly resurrected, and the yet living would be "changed":

"Behold, I shew you a mystery; We shall not all sleep, but we shall all be changed, In a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trump: for the trumpet shall sound, and the dead shall be raised incorruptible, and we [the yet living] shall be changed." (1 Cor. 15, 51, 52 )

The Master again preaches preparedness for his early advent:

"Be ye therefore ready also: for the Son of man cometh at an hour when ye think not." (Luke 12: 40 )

Peter joins in the refrain of watchful waiting:

"But the end of all things is at hand: be ye therefore sober, and watch unto prayer." (1 Peter 4: 7 )

He paints a lurid picture of how it is to happen:

"But the day of Yahveh will come as a thief in the night; in the which the heavens shall pass away with a great noise, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat, the earth also and the works that are therein shall be burned up." (2 Peter 3: 10 )

Paul, with his chronic cocksureness about everything which he is totally ignorant of, also tells us explicitly and fully just how it is going to happen:

"For the Lord [Yahveh] shall descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel, and with the trump of God: and the dead in Christ shall rise first: then we which are alive and remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds, to meet the Lord in the air: and so shall we ever be with the Lord. Wherefore comfort one another with these words." (1 Thess. 4: 16-18 )

But as the brethren, despite all these assurances of quick dividends of glory, were apparently getting restless for the grand catastrophe and spectacle which was so tardy, James, own brother of Jesus, cajoles them:

"Be patient therefore, brethren, unto the coming of the Lord. Behold, the husbandman waiteth for the precious fruit of the earth, and hath long patience for it, until he receive the early and latter rain. Be ye also patient, for the coming of the Lord draweth nigh." (James 5: 7, 8 )

Paul also finds himself under the necessity of preaching patience in order to save his own reputation as an inspired prophet:

"And the Lord direct your hearts ... into the patient waiting for Christ." (2 Thess. 3: 5 )

And yet again, he coaxes those of the Hebrews who had fallen into the faith and were chafing at its unfulfilled promises:

"For ye have need of patience, that, after ye have done the will of God, ye might receive the promise. For yet a little while, and he that shall come will come, and will not tarry." (Heb. 10: 36, 37 )

But the clamour for fulfilment of these promises of the "second coming" became louder and more insistent, threatening the total discredit of the inspired promisers; the disappointment of the saints over the non-fulfilment of the reiterated assurances, promises, and prophecies, and the nature of their taunts, being voiced with very pertinent directness by those whom the crafty Peter dubs "scoffers":

"And saying, Where is the promise of his coming? For since the fathers fell asleep, all things continue as they were from the beginning of the creation." (2 Peter 3: 4 )

This same crafty Peter, first pope of the new faith, himself makes a shifty pretended answer to these "scoffers," whereby he tries to squirm out of the situation created by the palpable failure of all the inspired predictions by himself and his confreres of the immediate end of all things:

"But, beloved, be not ignorant of this one thing, that one day is with the Lord as a thousand years, and a thousand years as one day." (2 Peter 3: 8 )

This, however, does not seem at all disingenuous and honest, and hardly meets the positive repeated assurances that "some standing here shall not taste of death" before the "second coming" -- that "this generation shall not pass away till all these things be accomplished," when "we that are alive" shall be "caught up" into glory. There seems to be a sad want of inspired truth, and even of common honesty, in solemnly declaring such awful events, which scared thousands into belief, and then deceived their terrified expectation. And it may be wondered how any of them ever persisted in their new faith after such patent deception. If inspiration is so out of joint with truth in this most positive of the declarations of Christ and his propagandists, the whole of their preachings and predictions may well be subject to some discount, if not entire discredit.

DEVILOLOGY

A flood of inspired texts illustrates one of the most persistent superstitions of the whole Scriptures: the belief in devils and demoniac possession, in hell and its malign ruler Satan, almost if not quite equal in power, and in some respects even superior, to Yahveh Almighty, (the English rendering of the Hebrew El Shaddai, "God of Demons.") The Devil appears early and holds fast:

"And Jesus ... was led by the Spirit into the wilderness, Being forty days tempted of the devil. ... And the devil,

taking him up into an high mountain, shewed unto him all the kingdoms of the world in a moment of time. And the devil said unto him, All this power will I give thee, and the glory of them: for that is delivered unto me; and to whomsoever I will I give it. If thou therefore wilt worship me, all shall be thine." (Luke 4: 1-7 )

These verses clearly recognize the Devil as a divine being, with full power of possession and dominion over this world, having miraculous powers quite equal to those of Yahveh's. Indeed, Paul gives him this exalted title:

"The god of this world hath blinded the minds of them which believed not." (2 Cor. 4: 4 ) a designation of rank and power confirmed by the Master himself:

"For the prince of this world cometh, and hath nothing in me." (John 14: 30 )

And repeated, among many others, by Paul:

"According to the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that now worketh in the children of disobedience." (Eph. 2: 2 )

The Master himself admits the divine origin of the princely Devil:

"And he said unto them, I beheld Satan as lightning fall from heaven." (Luke 10: 18 )

In the nightmare visions of the Apocalypse a fearful and wonderful pen picture is drawn of this great potentate of heaven, rebel against Yahveh his King, conquered by the great Michael Archangel, and ousted from the realms of light:

"And the great dragon was cast down, the old serpent, called the Devil, and Satan, which deceiveth the whole world: he was cast out into the earth, and his angels were cast out with him." (Rev. 12: 9 )

So great was the awe in which the Satanic power was held by even the highest in the hierarchy of heaven that it is declared:

"Yet Michael the archangel, when contending with the devil he disputed about the body of Moses, durst not bring against him a railing accusation, but said, Yahveh rebuke thee." (Jude 9 )

The miraculous power of Satan and his minor devils is attested by the apostle in chief:

"The working of Satan with all power and signs and lying wonders." (2 Thes. 2: 9 ) and also in the Apocalypse:

"For they are the spirits of devils, working miracles." (Rev. 16: 14 )

And their powers are quite equal to Yahveh's and defiant of his Almightiness:

"And no marvel; for Satan himself is transformed into an angel of light. Therefore it is no great thing if his ministers also be transformed as the ministers of righteousness." (2 Cor. 11: 14, 15 )

The Master himself accredits the doctrines of Zoroaster touching the two great powers who disputed the government of the universe, one the creator and purveyor of good, the other of evil:

"Ye are of your father the devil. ... He was a murderer from the beginning. ... He is a liar, and the father of it." (John 8: 44 )

The following verse recognizes the same principle, but impresses one with a feeling of disappointment that the purpose expressed in its second sentence has seemingly as yet failed of complete success:

"He that committeth sin is of the devil; for the devil sinneth from the beginning. For this purpose the Son of God was manifested, that he might destroy the works of the devil." (1 John 3: 8 )

Again this divinely purposed triumph over the evil one is expressly declared, with an admission at the same time of the extraordinary powers possessed by His Satanic Majesty:

"That through death he might destroy him that had the power of death, that is, the devil." (Heb. 2: 14 )

And the success of the project is assured by the Christ in person:

"Now is the judgment of this world: now shall the prince of this world be cast out." (John 12: 31 )

But Paul trims down the promise of destruction of the Devil and his works, substituting a milder form of discipline, which, though its prompt accomplishment is promised, does not appear to have been yet brought about:

"And the God of peace shall bruise Satan under your feet shortly." (Rom. 16: 20 )

Considerable puzzlement is caused after all the foregoing texts descriptive of the activities of the prince of devils and his legions, and the divine assurances of his early capture and destruction, or at least bruising, by the official keeper of the keys of hell, by the surprising revealed assurance that His Satanic Majesty and his devil hosts were already in chains in hell, and had indeed always been so since they were first cast out of Heaven:

"God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast them down to hell, and delivered them into chains of darkness, to be reserved unto judgment." (2 Peter 2: 4 )

though such captivity is again revealed as being simply an apocalyptic vision, and for a term which with Yahveh is, as we are elsewhere told, but as one day:

"And he laid hold on the dragon, that old serpent, which is the Devil, and Satan, and bound him a thousand years." (Rev. 20: 2 )

And even this millennial period, so confidently assured, not only has not come about in these two thousand years, but is expressly admitted to be but a temporary makeshift of restraint, after which the Devil was to be freed to resume his operations:

"And cast him into the bottomless pit, and shut him up and set a seal upon him, that he should deceive the nations no more, till the thousand years should be fulfilled: and after that he must be loosed a little season." (Rev. 20: 3 )

This causes the thought that it was odd for the almighty Yahveh of heaven to permit the release of the arch-fiend to prey upon his creatures, after once he had him safely chained down and sealed up in the bottomless pit; Yahveh even seems by this act to make himself accomplice in the malignant works of the Devil. And one wonders upon what compulsion "he must be loosed" from hell, which seems to imply a serious limitation upon the almightiness of Yahveh. In any event, the confused and conflicting texts about the Devil and his status, past, present, and prospective, leads to the thought that the inspired writers did not really know what they were talking about; that the Devil was a myth, or at least that the revelations made concerning him were altogether mythical.

Paul himself admits the besetting activities of the Devil, and acknowledges himself, despite all his boasted power over devils, to be a victim of the powers of their chief:

"We would have come unto you; but Satan hindered us." (1 Thess. 2: 18 )

Peter, evidently despairing of the promised victory over the Devil and of effective restraint of him, from which he was broken loose, issues a warning to the faithful against his continued activities:

"Be sober, be vigilant; because your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, walketh about, seeking whom he may devour." (1 Peter 5: 8 )

FIGHTING THE DEVILS

That a very active campaign was, however, waged against the hosts of devils, who were evidently as plentiful as blackberries in those days, and very mischievous, is made apparent by scores of texts of devilology, which make up so large a part of gospel truth that only a few can be here presented. The fight against devils was apparently the principal occupation of the Master, and the highest patent of his divine personality and mission:

"And he preached ... throughout all Galilee, and cast out devils." (Mark 1: 39 )

He cites this gift as the first and most potent proof of his divine mission:

"And he said unto them, Go ye, and tell that fox, Behold, I cast out devils." (Luke 13: 32 )

Likewise it was the badge of commission of the Twelve:

"Then he called his twelve disciples together, and gave them power and authority over all devils, and to cure diseases." (Luke 9: 1 )

as also of the Seventy:

"And the seventy returned again with joy, saying, Lord, even the devils are subject unto us through thy name." (Luke 10: 17 )

This devil-exorcism was also the badge and working tool of all true believer:

"And these signs shall follow them that believe; In my name shall they cast out devils." (Mark 16: 17 )

Paul reaches the apex of the superstition in the startling assertion not only that devils galore exist, but (in accordance with the Vulgate Version of Psalm 96: 5, that "all the gods of the heathen are devils") asserts their divinity with his usual omniscient assurance:

"But I say, that the things which the Gentiles sacrifice, they sacrifice to devils, and not to God [Yahveh]: and I would not that ye should have fellowship with devils." (1 Cor. 10: 20 )

The inspired historian of the Acts makes Paul the hero of an episode which attributes to these devils the divine faculties of foreknowledge and prediction, the same as to the acknowledged prophets of Yahveh:

"And it came to pass, as we went to prayer, a certain damsel possessed with a spirit of divination met us, which brought her masters much gain by soothsaying: ... and this did she many days. But Paul, being grieved, turned and said to the spirit, I command thee in the name of Jesus Christ to come out of her. And he came out in the same hour." (Acts 16: 16, 18 )

The Great Physician graciously busied himself in healing all kinds of diseases, but made a specialty of casting out devils, which in those days, before medicine was well developed, were regarded, even by the Son of Yahveh, as being the active agents of all the ills to which human flesh was heir:

"Jesus of Nazareth ... went about doing good, and healing all that were oppressed of the devil." (Acts 10: 38 )

Some texts seem to distinguish between ordinary diseases, and those caused by the possession of devils, and lunacy:

"And they brought unto him all sick people that were taken with divers diseases and torments, and those which were possessed with devils, and those which were lunatic, and those that had the palsy; and he healed them." (Matt. 4: 24 )

But the devils were evidently the efficient cause of even sore cases of mental alienation, according to the Master Physician's own diagnosis:

"Lord, have mercy on my son: for he is a lunatic, and sore vexed. ... And Jesus rebuked the devil; and he departed out of him." (Matt 17: 15, 18 )

As likewise of sundry female troubles:

"And, behold, a woman of Canaan came out of the same coasts, and cried unto him, saying, Have mercy on me, O Lord, thou son of David; my daughter is grievously vexed with a devil." (Matt. 15: 22 )

And again:

"And ought not this woman, whom Satan hath bound, lo, these eighteen years, be loosed from this bond on the Sabbath day?" (Luke 13: 16 )

And especially in the celebrated case of Mary Magdalene:

"Mary called Magdalene, out of whom went seven devils" (Luke 8: 2 ).

Also of dumbness:

"As they went out, behold, they brought to him a dumb man possessed with a devil, and when the devil was cast out, the dumb spake." (Matt. 9: 32 )

These devils had a way, in Bible days, of entering into people and causing them a devil of a time, to their great suffering and distress; and the devils were intelligent in their way:

"And he healed many that were sick of divers diseases, and cast out many devils; and suffered not the devils to speak, because they knew him." (Mark 1: 34 )

The perversity of the devils is indicated by the fact that they did not at all heed the command of the Master not to speak:

"And devils also came out of many, crying out, and saying, Thou art Christ the Son of God. And he rebuking them suffered them not to speak: for they knew that he was Christ." (Luke, 4: 41 )

The devils were even saucy and talked back:

"Saying, Let us alone; what have we to do with thee, thou Jesus of Nazareth? art thou come to destroy us? I know thee who thou art; the Holy One of God." (Luke 4: 34 )

This, if the devils ever really said it, proves that they themselves are children of Yahveh and joint heirs of salvation with the best of believers -- for:

"Every spirit that confesseth that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh is of God." (John 4: 2 )

and by every principle of the gospel promises, are entitled to share in the joys of the Lord Yahveh:

"That through his name whosoever believeth in him shall receive remission of sins." (Acts 10: 43 )

That the devils had a firm Christian faith, evidenced by their unanimous confessions, is avowed in express terms:

"Thou believest that there is one God; thou doest well: the devils also believe, and tremble." (James 2: 19 )

But they are seemingly doomed to a disappointment of their just hopes as true believers:

"Then shall he say also unto them on the left hand, Depart from me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his angels." (Matt. 25: 41 )

All the devils were apparently not of Satan; some seem to have been celestial, a point to be tested by some means not explained:

"Beloved, believe not every spirit, but try the spirits whether they are of God." (1 John 4: 1 )

These and a hundred or more other verses dealing with various phases of devilology establish the high record for inspired Bible texts on a single subject, it being apparent that no other name or subject in all the Bible, hardly excepting the Divine Father Yahveh and his Son, is more often mentioned, or held in higher faith or fear than that of the Devil and the teeming hosts of devils. Belief in devils and in demoniac possession was an article of the profoundest credulity of all the inspired writers as of the uninspired ignorant masses, and in none stronger than in the Son of Yahveh. We can but wonder how belief in such an ignorant myth and superstition was possible to one who claimed to be the very Son of Yahveh, God of truth, and to those claiming to be divinely inspired by Yahveh to be the apostles of truth on earth.

THE PENALTIES OF UNBELIEF

Let those who may be tempted to question the eternal verity of it all take warning from the fearful threat against unbelief which the chief apostle hurls at the incredulous:

"That they all might be damned who believed not the truth." (2 Thess. 2: 12 )

The same dire fate is pronounced against him who even hesitates in his faith:

"And he that doubteth is damned"' (Rom. 14: 28 )

This is that to which they are damned:

"Are set forth for an example, suffering the vengeance of eternal fire." (Jude 7 ) to which is added the Master's fearful admonition:

"Fear him which is able to destroy both soul and body in hell." (Matt. 10: 28 ) and the fulmination of the ex-persecutor of the faithful, persecutor now of the faithless:

"He that despised Moses' law died without mercy: ... Of how much sorer punishment, suppose ye, shall he be thought worthy, who hath trodden under foot the Son of God?" (Heb. 10: 28, 29 ) followed by the warning of the horrible example of the past:

"The Lord, having saved the people out of the land of Egypt, afterward destroyed them that believed not." (Jude 6 ) and the very pertinent warning for the future:

"For which things' sake the wrath of God cometh on the children of disobedience." (Col. 3: 6 ) and the yet more terrifying threat in the gentle Jesus' own words:

"Ye serpents, ye generation of vipers, how can ye escape the damnation of hell?" (Matt. 23: 33 )

Paul again says:

"For the wrath is come upon them to the uttermost." (1 Thess. 2: 16 ) and John: "For the great day of his wrath is come; and who shall be able to stand? (Rev. 6: 17 )

This is augmented by the apostolic prophesy of yet more wrath to come:

"But a certain fearful looking for of judgment ana fiery indignation, which shall devour the adversaries." (Heb. 10: 27 )

The argument of terror and its efficiency is again urged by Paul, who admits he uses it for the moral suasion of converts:

"For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ; that every one may receive the things done in his body, according to that he hath done, whether it be good or bad. Knowing therefore the terror of the Lord, we persuade men." (2 Cor. 5: 10, 11 ) and who brings it to this climax of terrorism:

"Seeing it is a righteous thing with God to recompense tribulation to them that trouble you; And to you who are troubled rest with us, when the Lord Jesus shall be revealed from heaven with his mighty angels, In flaming fire taking vengeance on them that know not God, and that obey not the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ: Who shall be punished with everlasting destruction from the presence of the Lord, and from the glory of his power; When he shall come to be glorified in his saints." (2 Thess. 1: 6-10)

All this tends to induce the mind to yield a very ready assent to the total truth of the same apostle's warning:

"It is a fearful thing to fall into the hands of the living God." (Heb. 10: 31 )

Many may well wonder how a kind and loving heavenly Father of us all should make such terrible threats or inflict such fearful penalties upon his human children for simply not believing things so contrary to the most godlike faculty he had endowed them with, divine reason -- threats and penalties more consonant with the practices of Apache Indians than with the principles of a just and merciful God.

INTOLERANCE AND DESTRUCTION

Evidently, from what follows, there was not sufficient sanction for the new religion in the awful things that the wrathful Yahveh was said to have in store for the hapless unbeliever after death. His apostolic vicars and vicegerents here on earth hold divine commission to anticipate upon the body here and now the fearful tortures which their Yahveh should inflict upon the soul hereafter and eternally. The principle of priestly intolerance and the torch which lit the hellish fires of the Holy Inquisition have both their certain warrant and divine command in inspired texts.

Everyone who did not accept the Nazarene as the Christ he declared to be his enemy: "He that is not with me is against me" (Matt. 12: 80 ); and upon all such he calls down destruction and death:

"Those mine enemies, which would not that I should reign over them, bring hither, and slay them before me." (Luke 19: 27 )

The Christ himself, to say nothing of numerous impostors who had preceded him, declared that others after him should claim to be Messiah, and should have miraculous powers like himself, so that even the chosen could hardly tell the difference between the genuine and the spurious Christs:

 "For there shall arise false Christs, and false prophets, and shall shew great signs and wonders; insomuch that, if it were possible, they shall deceive the very elect." (Matt. 24: 24 )

Paul pictures "Satan with all power and signs and lying wonders, And with all deceivableness" enticing those who "received not the love of the truth, that they might be saved"; though it was impossible that they should believe the truth:

"For this cause God shall send them strong delusion, that they should believe a lie: That they all might be damned who believed not the truth." (2 Thess. 2: 9-12 )

Peter, the rock upon which the Church persecutrix was founded, true to his traditions of violence, breathed deadly vengeances against all who presumed to differ from his dogmas. Peter cites Moses as predicting Jesus Christ as the prophet to be raised up "like unto me," and quotes Yahveh as threatening with death all who would not heed his word:

"Every soul which will not hear that prophet, shall be destroyed from among the people." (Acts 3: 23 )

And he devotes to swift destruction all who do not think as he thinks -- a murderous program followed by his apostolic successors for as long as they dared and could:

"There shall be false teachers among you, who privily shall bring in damnable heresies, and bring upon themselves swift destruction." (2 Peter 2: 1 )

Even the Beloved Disciple preaches denunciation and intolerance:

"Who is the liar but he that denieth that Jesus is the Christ? He is antichrist." (1John 2: 22 )

But then we recall the admission that this is the bluster of ignoramuses:

"Now when they saw the boldness of Peter and John, and perceived that they were unlearned and ignorant men, they marveled." (Acts 4: 18 )

On those who were indisposed to receive the ministrations of the zealous crusaders of the new religion, summary destruction is invoked of Heaven:

"And when his disciples James and John saw this, they said, Lord, wilt thou that we commend fire to come down from heaven, and consume them, even as Elias did?" (Luke 9: 54 )

The earliest and a very characteristic glimpse of him who became the chief of the apostles is this:

"And Saul, yet breathing out threatenings and slaughter against the disciples of the Lord, went unto the high priest." (Acts 9: 1 )

Paul thus vents his apostolic intolerance of free speech and liberty of discussion -- the cardinal polity ever since followed by the Holy Church which he founded:

"For there are many unruly and vain talkers and deceivers, whose mouths must be stopped." (Titus 1: 10, 11 )

Ostracism and the boycott are proclaimed as the first steps in the ascending scale of suppression of those who disagree with the new doctrines:

"Now, I beseech you, brethren, mark them which cause divisions and offences contrary to the doctrine which ye have learned; and avoid them." (Rom. 16: 17 )

He then boldly preaches the gospel of priestly anathema against man or angel who should presume to contradict the apostolic dogmas:

"But though we, or an angel from heaven, preach any other gospel unto you than that which we have preached unto you, let him be accursed. As we said before, so say I now again, If any man preach any other gospel unto you than that ye have received, let him be accursed." (Gal. 1: 8, 9 ) and caps the climax of consecrated bigotry with a pious exhortation to the annihilation of all who dare disbelieve his inspired pretensions of truth:

"He that troubleth you shall hear his judgment, whosoever he be. ... I would they were even cut off which trouble you." (Gal. 5: 10, 12 )

To the credulous he even adopts a tone of terroristic authority to hold them in their credulity: For though I should boast somewhat more of our authority, which the Lord hath given us, ... I should not be ashamed: That I may not seem as if I would terrify you by letters." (2 Cor. 10: 83 9 ) and modestly claims for his self-assumed authority no limitations of law, human or divine, except sacerdotal notions of expediency: "All things are lawful for me, but all things are not expedient." (1 Cor. 10: 23 )

INSPIRED PRIESTLY PRESUMPTION

The bigot Paul hedges himself about with autocratic near- divinity and warns away presumptuous mortals from all profane contact or interference with his awful personality, while he vain- glories in the mutilation of person which changes him into a celibate zealot:

"From henceforth let no man trouble me: for I bear in my body the marks of the Lord Jesus." (Gal. 6: 17 )

Heedless of the infinite contradictions of his dogmas, he asserts in their behalf and for himself the infallible verity of direct inspiration, not, however, from Father Yahveh, but from his Son Jesus:

"I certify you, brethren, that the gospel which was preached of me is not after man. For I neither received it of man, neither was I taught it, but by the revelation of Jesus Christ." (Gal. 1: 11, 12 )

This inspired veracity he lays claim to in the fullest measure:

"As the truth of Christ is in me." (2 Cor. 11: 10 )

He vaunts his self-assumed title and claims all the credit for the results of his pious propaganda:

"Am I not an apostle? am I not free? have I not seen Jesus Christ our Lord? are not ye my work in the Lord? (1 Cor. 9: 1 ) though he admits that he is not a free agent in this propaganda, but claims to be under some sort of mysterious "control," or maybe under the spell of his own terroristic doctrines:

"For though I preach the gospel, I have nothing to glory of: for necessity is laid upon me; yea, woe is unto me, if I preach not the gospel!" (1 Cor. 16 )

He claims precedence over all other propagandists of the new faith, making (parenthetically) an interesting personal though braggart admission:

"Are they, ministers of Christ? (I speak as a Fool) I am more." (2 Cor. 11: 28 )

This gospel truth he reaffirms, claiming to be proud of the fact:

"I am become a fool in glorying; ye have compelled me." (2 Cor. 12: 11 )

He displays it so patently and publicly that Festus declares:

"Paul, thou are beside thyself; much learning doth make thee mad." (Acts 26: 24 )

But Paul justifies himself by the special plea that it is for the good of the cause:

"For whether we be beside ourselves, it is to God: or whether we be sober, it in for your cause." (2 Cor. 5: 13 )

With pretended plenary inspiration he assures us of his perfect knowledge of all the divine mysteries, which, however, he does not very plenarily reveal to the rest of us:

"Whereby, when ye read, ye may understand my knowledge in the mystery of Christ." (Eph. 3: 4 )

He reaches the superlative of obsessed egoism by boldly claiming Jesus Christ's gospel as his own:

"Remember that Jesus Christ of the seed of David was raised from the dead according to my gospel." (2 Tim. 2: 8 ) even setting up his own notions as the ratio decided in the end of the Last Judgment:

"In the day when God shall judge the secrets of men by Jesus Christ according to my gospel." (Rom. 2: 16 )

He would even supplant his old friend and partner Peter as the purveyor general of pardons, in a childish tangle of tautology:

"To whom ye forgive anything, I forgive also: for if I forgave any thing, to whom I forgave it, for your sakes forgave I it in the person of Christ." (2 Cor. 2: 10 ) and boastingly claims commission as the true adjutant of the Almighty Yahveh to give human utterance to his holy will, and makes acceptance of this pretence the one test of the true prophet and of the genuine gift of spirit -- whatever that is:

"If any man think himself to be a prophet, or spiritual, let him acknowledge that the things that I write unto you are the commandments of the Lord." (1 Cor. 14: 37 ) claiming again that the Deity speaks directly through him: "I command, yet not 1: but the Lord." (1 Cor. 7: 10 )

He pretends to rely upon moral suasion rather than to impose belief by Yahveh's divine authority:

"Not for that we have dominion over your faith, but are helpers of your joy: for by faith ye stand." (2 Cor. 1: 24 ) although he certainly had the divine right and authority to command boldly and to impose his own will as that of the Lord Yahveh: "Wherefore, though I might be much bold in Christ to enjoin thee that which is convenient." (Philem. 8 )

And again he returns to a warning against any who may not even yet be quite persuaded by all his strained arguments and terrifying threats:

"Take heed, brethren, lest there be in any of you an evil heart of unbelief." (Heb. 3: 12 )

AN INFAMOUS ACCUSATION

But aside from the difficulty, or stark impossibility, of knowing what to believe of all the contradictions and conflicts of dogma, or of believing any of it under such conditions, our inspired dogmatist, with very odd logic, tells us that it is impossible to believe at all, as his God Yahveh has himself closed the human heart to belief, so that he could save men whether they believed or not:

"For God hath concluded them all in unbelief, that he might have mercy upon all." (Rom. 11: 32 )

Yet he contradicts himself in this by his dogmatic assertion that the promise of salvation is only to those who do believe:

"But the scripture hath concluded all under sin, that the promise by faith of Jesus Christ might be given to them that believe." (Gal. 3: 22 )

Again the same apostle denies both of his former bald assertions, and asserts that we are to be saved actually through others not believing at all:

"For as ye in times past have not believed God, yet have now obtained mercy through their unbelief." (Rom. 11: 30 )

Straightway he contradicts this medley of contradictions, and with amazing assurance imputes to the God of truth and mercy the total depravity of making men believe lies in order that they might be damned for their God-imposed unbelief:

"And for this cause God shall send them a strong delusion, that they should believe a lie: That they all might

be damned who believed not the truth, but had pleasure in unrighteousness.(2 Thess. 2: 11, 12 )

And then, as if conscious of being adjudged into this class himself, before any one has time to accuse him of it, he hastens to deny it and to proclaim his own inspired veracity -- though with respect to which of his manifold contradictions he does not explain, leaving us in the darkness of doubt as to them all:

"I say the truth in Christ, I lie not." (Rom. 9: 1; Gal. 1: 20; 2 Cor. 11: 31.) though he has just a little before confessed to the Romans, with a show of pious pride in his adroitness of mendacity, that he was accused and "judged as a sinner" because of his abounding lies "to the glory of God" (Rom. 3: 7 ).

THE APOSTLES' VIEWS OF EACH OTHER

A new and final commandment the Christ gave to his holy apostles: "That ye love one another" (John 13: 34 ). We have already seen their constant quarrelling as to which should be the greatest among them, even at the Last Supper in the shadow of the martyrdom of their Master. When, after his death, they were free from constraint and rebuke, vent was given to their rivalries and animosities, which they indulged in true clerical style; they called each other liars and knaves, and denied and impeached each other's teachings. Many instances of this we have noted in matching their contradictory doctrines and dogmas.

Paul denied the teachings of James as to faith (Gal. 2: 16-21 ); James condemned the teachings of Paul (James 2: 20 ). Paul proclaimed himself the divinely appointed sole apostle to the gentiles:

"The gospel of the uncircumcision was committed unto me, as the gospel of the circumcision was unto Peter." (Gal. 2: 7 )

Peter flatly denied this and claimed that the commission was assigned to him:

"And when there had been much disputing, Peter rose up, and said unto them, Men and brethren, ye know how that a good while ago God made choice among us, that the Gentiles by my mouth should hear the word of the gospel." (Acts 15: 7 )

A quarrel had prevailed among the holy ones of Christ, Paul and Barnabas on the one side; and Peter, James, and John, who, says Paul, only "seemed to be pillars," on the other; but they patched it up apparently and gave each other in token "the right hands of fellowship."

"But when Peter was come to Antioch, I withstood him to the face, because he was to be blamed. ... And the other Jews dissembled likewise with him; insomuch that Barnabas also was carried away with their dissimulation. (Gal. 2: 9, 11, 18 )

John of Patmos, from the third heaven, illumined by the great white light of Yahveh's throne, caught a good bird's-eye view of the whole apostolic crew, and at the command of the enthroned Christ declared:

"Thou hast tried them which say they are apostles, and hast found them liars." (Rev. 2: 2 )

KNOWLEDGE SCORNED -- IGNORANCE EXALTED

The first "thou shalt not," the first ban imposed on humanity, was the edict of Yahveh God in Eden decreeing perpetual ignorance for his creature man. In the midst of the garden Yahveh Elohim planted the tree of knowledge, and thus he decreed:

"Thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die." (Gen. 2: 17 )

Thus the priests banned human knowledge under penalty of death, a penalty often enforced by them; and the ignorance thus decreed they have perpetuated; they have forbidden and derided knowledge, boasted of their own ignorance, and imposed it on mankind ever since. Even the Master exulted that his preachments were not for intelligent persons but were kept for the childish- minded only. Looking up to his Father Yahveh, he fervently exclaimed:

"I thank thee, O Father, Lord of heaven and earth, because thou hast hid these things from the wise and prudent, and hast revealed them unto babes." (Matt. 11: 26; Luke 10: 21 )

The propagandist-in-chief of these beliefs of babes reiterates his enthusiasm for ignorance and his scorn and fear of knowledge:

"Knowledge puffeth up." (1Cor..8: 1 )

"The wisdom of this world is foolishness with God." (1 Cor.3: 19 )

"Beware lest any man spoil you through philosophy." (Col. 2: 8 )

And he expressly enjoins the perpetuation of ignorance and forbids all effort for enlightenment:

"If any man be ignorant, let him be ignorant" (1 Cor.14: 88 ).

The fruits of the Christian ban on learning and of its exaltation of unthinking ignorance are seen in the quality of the flock fed on such refuse:

"Not many wise men after the flesh, not many mighty, not many noble, are called: But God hath chosen the foolish things of the world to confound the wise. ... Base things of the world, and things which are despised, hath God chosen yea, and the things which are not." (1Cor. 1: 26-28 )

Hear his own description of his converts and of the membership of his churches:

"We are made as the filth of the world, and are the offscouring of all things unto this day." (1 Cor. 4: 13 ).

And the apostolic feeders of the flock are admitted to be no better:

"We are made a spectacle unto the world, and to angels, and to men. We are fools for Christ's sake." (1 Cor. 4: 9, 10 )

One has only to contemplate the vast hordes of "true believers" throughout Christendom, and to look upon the faces of thousands of little padres and preachers of the word, to visualize the ancient apostles and their followers. Those countries of Christendom to-day where the faith most flourishes are shown by readily available statistics to have the greatest percentages of illiteracy among the credulous population, and there ignorance and superstition most abound.

Victor Hugo knew the class whom he describes as "neither men nor women -- priests"; and he says: "There is in every village a lighted torch, the schoolmaster; and a mouth to blow it out, the parson."

CHILDISH FAITH FOR SALVATION

When a person of any God-given intelligence has read and pondered these correlated contradictions, so solemnly uttered for our faith, he can better appreciate the subtle significance of the oft-repeated prime qualification for Christian faith and salvation. The Master himself declares:

"Except ye ... become as little children, ye shall not enter the kingdom of heaven." (Matt. 18: 3 ) "For of such is the kingdom of heaven"! (Matt. 11: 14 )

Little children have such childish simplicity and credulity, -- believing in Santa Claus, fairies, elves, and ghosts in full faith. When they have grown into adult child-mindedness, the Holy Ghost, Yahveh, and Jesus Christ are added to their holy faith.

DAMNATION FOR UNBELIEF

Along with such childlike belief go the most fearful threats of eternal death and damnation if one is not so childish as to believe it all:

"He that believeth not is condemned already, because he hath not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God; ... but the wrath of God abideth on him." (John 3: 18, 36 ) And after reading all the divine assurances, even "He that doubteth is damned"! (Romans 14: 23 )

FATUOUS FANATICISM

When, under the influence of the inspired and contrary preachments above dinned, coaxed, and threatened into one, one forswears his reason and becomes so like a little child as to believe, these are among the pious duties and obligations to which he is devoted, by the Master's own avowal, and for his own sweet sake and that of the holy Christian religion:

"The brother shall deliver up the brother to death, and the father the child: and the children shall rise up against their parents, and cause them to be put to death." (Matt. 10: 21 )

A Christian ideal realized untold times during the long dark ages of faith, which to-day still flourishes, dividing the Christian world into hostile camps of bigoted and intolerant factions. And the promise of reward for so great inhumanity is very incentive to those who believe it:

"Every one that hath forsaken houses, or brethren, or sisters, or father, or mother, or wife, or children, or lands, for my name's sake, shall receive an hundredfold, and shall inherit everlasting life." (Matt. 19: 29 )

In countless homes and hearts, blighting the tenderest love, the curse of the inspired ban has been felt:

"Be ye not unequally yoked together with unbelievers: for ... what part hath he that believeth with an infidel?" (2 Cor. 6: 14, 15 )

THE "PRINCE OF PEACE"

Of all the inspired words which we have quoted and commented on, the only provable ones which have proved true are those of the last few paragraphs, and the sinister, cruel, and fearful sentences of the Man of Nazareth, fondly called the "Prince of Peace" -- words which have borne the bitterest harvest of blood, and blight, and hell-on-earth through all the ages since they were uttered:

"Think not that I am come to send peace on earth: I came not to send peace, but a sword. For I am come to set a man at variance against his father, and the daughter against her mother, and the daughter in law against her mother in law. And a man's foes shall be they of his own household. He that loveth father or mother more than me is not worthy of me: and he that loveth son or daughter more than me is not worthy of me." (Matt. 10: 34-37; Luke 12: 51-53 )

The Christian creeds and dogmas, laid down with such inspired assurance and so self-contradictorily -- in the Holy Bible, may here be left, conveniently assembled and matched for the easier radical revision of opinion regarding them.

 

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